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It is in the best interest of the two countries to mutually resolve their issues, so that peace may return to region. [93], The U.S. economic sanctions on Iran regarding their nuclear program generally affected Pakistan's industrial sector. Its 700 km. As Balochs live on both sides of the border, in reality there cannot be an “Iranian solution” or a “Pakistani solution” to the Baloch question. About [103], Tehran has provided €50 million for laying of 170Km transmission line for the import of 1000MW of electricity from Iran in 2009. © Al Nisr Publishing LLC 2020. The wall is intended to curb illegal border crossing and drug peddling. Since 1949, a series of occasional armed skirmishes and firefights have occurred along the Durand Line (the Afghanistan–Pakistan border) between the Afghan National Security Forces and the Pakistan Armed Forces.The latest hostilities, which are ongoing, began with the overthrow of the Taliban government.. ©2019 The Iran Project - News related to Iran, specially political, military and regional affairs! Retrieved 20 September 2009. He added that Pakistan was a responsible state and well aware of the consequences of an armed conflict or full-fledged war. The spokesperson further claimed that Pakistan is ready to provide humanitarian assistance to Iran in rescue effort. [12] During the Soviet-Afghan War, Pakistan alongside other major powers such as the United States and China focused its covert support on the Sunni Pashtun groups (a majority in Afghanistan) while Iran largely supported the Shi'a Tajik groups, though they were all united as Afghan mujahideen in waging war against the Soviet invaders. A serious military cooperation between took place during the Balochistan insurgency phases against the armed separatist movement in 1974–77. Pakistan is keen to address the issue, particularly at a time when India and Afghanistan are blaming it for orchestrating attacks against them. Bargain hard, but be friendly. Notable Pakistani political figures Benazir, Murtaza, and Shahnawaz Bhutto were half Iranian Kurds on their mother's side. Iran is extending its railway network towards Taftan. In 2017, Iran's leader Ayatollah Khamenei said that Kashmiris are being oppressed. Iranian Major General Mohammad Ali Jafari asked Pakistan to conduct crack down against armed group Jaish al-Adl before Tehran takes it revenge. Pakistan has vehemently denied these charges time and again. We use cookies to improve our service for you. In addition, the international sanctions on Iran due to its controversial nuclear program could also become a factor in derailing IPI pipeline project altogether. The other alternative is what we are seeing to date: the two countries can use the Baloch region to engage in a tit-for-tat, zero sum geopolitical competition by letting other actors (such as India and the Gulf States) get involved. He added that Pakistan was a responsible state and well aware of the consequences of an armed conflict or full-fledged war. Responding swiftly to this revolutionary change, Foreign Minister of Pakistan Agha Shahi immediately undertook a state visit to Tehran, meeting with his Iranian counterpart Karim Sanjabi on 10 March 1979. [57] During this visit, Jamali gave valuable advises to Iranian leadership on their nuclear programme "against the backdrop of the country's" negotiations with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and measures to strengthen economic relations between the two countries. What has gone wrong between Pakistan and Iran? Both countries granted each other MFN status for trade purposes; the Shah offered Iranian oil and gas to Pakistan on generous terms, and the Iranian and Pakistani militaries extensively cooperated to suppress the rebel movement in Baluchistan. The Baloch-dominated border area used to be a source of cooperation for Islamabad and Tehran. Iran has also expressed an interest in joining the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) as part of the larger Chinese Belt and Road Initiative. Together with the US, Pakistan also has close links to Saudi Arabia, which cut diplomatic ties with Tehran in 2016 over its alleged involvement in regional conflicts, including Yemen and Syria. [13][17] However, Iran's total dependence on the United States at that time for its economic development and military build-up had won it hostility from the more Soviet-aligned Arab world. [1] Reciprocating Zia-ul-Haq's sentiments, Khomeini, in a letter, called for Muslim unity. The invasion signalled the start of the deadly Iran-Iraq War that would last for eight years until 1988. The issue still causes anger in Balochistan today. As for Baloch nationalists, they are desperate, and have also stretched out their hand to Iran. [80], Iran and Pakistan have been described as competitors for influence in the Middle East by some geo-political analysts, who argue a nuclear armed Iran could further agitate Pakistan. Economic development and better political representation in both Islamabad and Tehran for Baloch from both sides of the border have to be part of the process. Imperial Iran maintained close relations with Pakistan during the Cold War, partly owing to their mutual alliance with the United States-led Western Bloc. [1], Iranian leaders had sought to extend their sphere of influence into Pakistan and to counter Saudi influence. Cross-border conflict drivers 3. Araghchi kicks off consultation on initiative to settle Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, FM Zarif dismisses Iran’s exchanging two detained spies with US as fake news, Video: Iran FM Zarif’s speech at 75th anniv. "[13] The Iranian leadership repeatedly expressed its opposition to the dismemberment of Pakistan, fearing it would adversely affect the domestic stability and security of Iran[13] by encouraging Kurdish and Baloch separatists to rise up against the Iranian government. He said the US was bogged down in Afghanistan and "is hated more than ever before in disaster-stricken Pakistan". Islamabad: In order to de-escalate tensions with its neighbour in the west, Prime Minister Imran Khan’s administration plans to fence 950km of the border linking Pakistan’s Balochistan province with Iran’s Sistan and Baluchestan province. [21] The killing of Shi'a pilgrims in the 1987 Mecca incident in Saudi Arabia had met with widespread disturbances and condemnation throughout Pakistan, but Zia-ul-Haq remained firmly neutral and strongly issued orders against engaging any involved parties to Pakistani military personnel stationed in the Gulf. Taiwan’s semiconductor industry will require major restructuring if it wishes to maintain its competitive edge in the crowded global market. [29] This visit was arranged[30] to allow Musharraf to explain the reasons for his takeover in Pakistan. In Iran, Musharraf held talks with Iranian President Mohammad Khatami[28] and with the Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei. [23] This resulted in a major breach, with Iran becoming closer to Pakistan's rival, India. Qureshi also observed that Iran had signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and should respect the treaty. This was his first visit to Iran (and third international trip) since his military coup d'état of 12 October 1999 and subsequent seizure of power in Pakistan. [12], After the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan and subsequent victory for the Afghan mujahideen, the rivalry between Iran and Pakistan intensified as the mujahideen broke up into multiple factions, no longer needing a union against foreign invaders. When a widespread armed insurgency broke out in Pakistan's Balochistan province in 1973, Iran, fearing the Baloch insurgency might spill over into its own Sistan and Baluchistan Province, offered large-scale support. The coronavirus pandemic has affected Asian power shifts in a serious way. In 2011, the trade between Iran and Pakistan stood at less than $1 billion and the common geographical borders as well as religious affinities are among other factors, which give impetus to enhanced level of trade. A new group of insurgents claimed responsibility for an attack last Thursday, in which 14 passengers were killed after being kidnapped from buses in Pakistan's province of Baluchistan, which borders Iran. [1] The new military dictatorship government, under General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, was ideologically ultraconservative and religiously oriented in its nature and approach in contrast to the more secular Iran at the time. Since 2006, Pakistan has been strategically advising Iran on multiple occasions to counter the international pressure on its nuclear program to subsequently work on civil nuclear power, instead of active nuclear weapons program. You can sign up to receive it directly here. The president’s breakfast date was canceled at the last minute over her support for the LGBT+ community. [14] During a state visit to Iran in 1977, Pakistani PM Bhutto tried to persuade Pahlavi to support Pakistan's own clandestine atomic bomb project. These cookies are used to improve your experience and provide more personalized service to you. In a nutshell, Balochs live on both sides of the Pakistan-Iran border, and maintain cultural, political, and economic ties to each other.

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